Jessica PirroAugust 27, 20195420
As more and more homeowners are getting solar panel installations on their rooftops, more homeowners are making a few common mistakes that solar energy beginners make is typical from the start, when they first begin to research and designed their solar-powered system.
Sometimes, when people first decide to get a solar panel installation, is most of them wished to dive right in. They research the solar panels, calculate a cost estimate, and they start sketching a layout of the solar panels for their roof.
But when it comes to the design of solar-powered systems are a lot more complex than it appears on the surface. So when people try to design a solar-powered system without doing the research, they at times make mistakes. Big mistakes that can affect the performance of the solar-powered system, lowering the efficiency of solar energy.
Listed are a few of the common mistakes that homeowners make in regards to getting a first-time solar panel installation:
Confusing Off-Grid and Grid-Tie Solar Panels
Solar energy allows you to generate your energy, which means you aren’t going to gave to pay to get power from the utility grid. Many people assume that this means they are “going off the grid,” but that’s not accurate.
But when it comes to home solar, most people are looking for a grid-tied solar-powered system.
Here’s the distinction: your solar panels generate solar energy, but you need a way to store that solar energy for later use. If you have access to power lines, you can store the solar energy you generate in the utility grid. The utility company will then credit you for the extra power that is produced, and allow you to pull from the grid when you need it.
Off-grid properties have no access to power lines, so they will need another method to store energy. That means off-grid solar-powered systems need a battery bank to function. Batteries are expensive, but with no option to store power in the grid, they are mandatory for off-grid solar-powered systems.
The bottom line is that saving money and being independent of the grid are mutually exclusive. Batteries effect into your ROI (return on investment), and grid-tied properties don’t need them.
You don’t need to get an off-grid solar-powered system to get the benefits of solar energy. If your property has access to power lines, grid-tied solar panels are the smartest option.
Bad Solar-Powered System Sizing
When it comes to sizing a solar-powered system it is more complex than it appears to be at face value.
But that would ignore the factors like climate, the orientation of solar panels, shading, natural drop efficiency of solar energy, among other things that impact the “true” output of your solar-powered system.
Which is the reason most solar energy companies don’t sell complete solar-powered systems to anyone until they have consulted with one of our in-house solar-powered system design techs?
Solar panels have had an efficiency rating, and they suffer a 0.5-1% drop in efficiency of solar energy per year. 20 years after you get a solar panel installation, your solar panels will be 10-20% less efficient. We design a bit of extra headroom into your solar-powered system to account for the loss in the efficiency of solar energy.
Solar panels are tested in ideal conditions: an indoor factory with temperatures in the mid-70s. In the real world, your solar-powered system that can be exposed to much harsher conditions. High temperatures can reduce the amount of energy you generate.
Your location will also dictate how many sun hours you get. The term “sun hours” doesn’t mean “how long the sun is in the sky.” It refers to the number of times the sun is in the right position to generate peak solar energy. Most places will get 4-6 sun hours per fat and the exact amount influences solar-powered system sizing.
Solar power inverters and charge controllers have maximum and minimum voltage input window. Solar panels and solar energy batteries have a voltage rating as well.
Your solar-powered system needs to be designed at the right voltage based on the equipment being used and what it requires. We also account for things like temperature that can affect voltage and solar-powered system performance.
If you don’t have the right voltage from your solar panels or battery bank, your solar-powered system might not perform well or worse you could damage the expensive hardware.
Battery Bank Sizing
Mismatching your solar energy battery bank with your charging source is the most common issue when it comes to batteries, specifically with off-grid solar-powered system sizing. The array of solar panels needs to supply enough solar power to keep the batteries charged, but not so much that they will overcharge.
Overcharging could cause some problems for your batteries from having too much current. But on the other hand, undercharging your solar power batteries can have an even worse effect.
Solar Panels Prevent Power Outages
A common mistake that most first-time solar energy customers is that since your solar panel installation is generating its energy if the power goes out, your lights will stay on, right?
Wrong, that’s not the case with the grid-tied solar systems. Although the power originates from your solar panels, it is still stored in the public utility grid. Therefore, when the grid power goes out, so does yours.
But there is a remedy for a grid-tied system with backup battery power. When the power is on, it functions as a normal grid-tied system. During the outage, a small backup battery bank kicks in to keep the lights on.
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