staff reportsApril 12, 20191130
If you’re in the market for a “green” car, you’ve plenty of choices to choose from.
There are hybrid cars, those that combine regular fuel and electric char and completely electric, like the famous Tesla, some versions of the Toyota Prius or the Chevy Bolt.
While they are a step forward in terms of helping the environment, they have some drawbacks, such as the fact that you still need to charge them at night in your home or at a charging station during the day.
Sure, the solar panels installed in our home can provide sufficient power to keep them going, but what if those panels could actually go on the vehicle and power it?
There are college and high school competitions with concept cars that use solar panels as energy source, but the designs are clunky or definitely ugly. Movement and power take precedent over aesthetics, and they’re usually painfully slow and not road ready.
Another problem with solar panels on vehicles is that they don’t generate enough electricity to do much of anything. Toyota already had an option for a solar roof on the previous PHEV Prius, but it was only generating 50 W and powering the fans for the AC.
But Kia Motors and Hyundai Motor are trying to change that.
in late 2018, the Korean automakers announced plans to introduce ‘solar roof’ charging technology on selected Hyundai Motor Group vehicles. Electricity-generating solar panels will be incorporated into the roof or the hood of vehicles, and will support internal combustion, hybrid and battery electric vehicles with additional electrical power, increasing fuel efficiency and range.
The solar charging technology is being developed to support the vehicle’s main power source, improving mileage and reducing CO2emissions. The system will have the capability to charge the batteries of eco-friendly electric and hybrid vehicles, as well as those of internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles, helping to improve fuel efficiency.
Three generations of solar roof technology
Hyundai Motor Group is developing three types of solar roof charging systems: The first-generation system is for hybrid vehicles, while the second-generation technology brings a semi-transparent solar roof system to ICE vehicles. The third generation of the technology will see the introduction of a lightweight solar roof for battery electric vehicles.
The first-generation system, which will be applied to hybrid models, is created out of a structure of silicon solar panels that are integrated into a standard car roof. This system is capable of charging 30 to 60 percent of the battery over the course of a normal day, depending on weather conditions and other environmental factors.
The second-generation semi-transparent solar roof will be applied to ICE vehicles, representing a world-first application for the technology. The semi-transparent technologies can be integrated with a panoramic sunroof, letting light through into the cabin, whilst charging the vehicle’s battery at the same time. Applying solar charging systems to ICE vehicles will help them comply with ever more stringent global environmental laws regulating CO2 emissions.
The third-generation system, is currently in testing. It is designed to be applied to the hood and roof of eco-friendly battery electric vehicle models in order to maximize energy output.
How Hyundai Motor Group solar panel technology works
The solar charging system is composed of a solar panel, a controller and a battery. As the panel absorbs photons of light from the sun, it creates electron-hole pairs in silicon cells, enabling current to flow and generating electricity.
When a 100W solar panel is equipped, it can produce up to 100 Wh of energy (in ideal conditions: summer noon, 1000 W/m2 intensity of radiation). The controller features Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT), which controls voltage and current to increase the efficiency of electricity harvested by the solar panel. This power is converted and stored in the battery, or utilized to decrease load on the vehicle’s alternating current (AC) generator, thereby increasing vehicle range.
“In the future, we expect to see many different types of electricity-generating technologies integrated into our vehicles. The solar roof is the first of these technologies, and will mean that automobiles no longer passively consume energy, but will begin to produce it actively,” said the developer of the technology Jeong-Gil Park, Executive Vice President of the Engineering and Design Division of Hyundai Motor Group. “It is an exciting development for us, designing a technology for vehicle owners to help them shift from being energy users to being energy producers.”
Hyundai Motor will launch the first generation of this technology into its vehicles after 2019 to help meet global regulations targets and improve vehicle fuel efficiency. Kia Motors will also announce plans to apply the technology to its vehicles in the near future.
While you wait for these cars, you might want to prepare your home for the energy they’ll need. Remember, the solar panels on these vehicles will still not provide all the power they need, so a solar system installed on your roof will still be needed.
And with the cost of solar panels dropping in recent years, there is no better time to take advantage of incentives and rebates and join the solar power revolution.
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